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Gönderen Konu: Uniair nedir??  (Okunma sayısı 375 defa)

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Onur

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Uniair nedir??
« : 03 Ocak 2006, 21:48:19 »

bazı yerlerde okudugum kadarıyla motor teknolojisi olarak bir devrim yaşanmak üzereymiş. adı uniair. az tüketim ,düşük emisyon,yüksek güç (özellikle tork).  eksantrik milleriyle değilde daha büyük yanma odacıklarıyla ilgili diyende var yeni subab yapısıyla diyende. ama ne oludugunu tam bulamadım?? bmw ve fiat grubu bu işin üstüne çok gidiyormuş ancak maddi yetersizliklerden dolayı fiat bir sürekliğine rafa kaldırmış. Ferrari 430 da kullanılan bir sistem bu sistemin çok ilkel versiyonuymuş?? bu konuda fikri olan var mı?


buyrun size bir motor mühendisinin yorumlarıyla unitake....


UNIAIR offers huge range of potential benefits including distinct advantages in the areas of increased power, improved low end torque characteristics, minimising engine emissions and wear, and cost saving through sheer design simplicity.



Fiat's engineers believe that all major development hurdles have now been successfully overcome and the introduction of its production application is already in the planning stage. Within the next couple of years this new technology will be introduced onto cutting-edge Alfa Romeo, Ferrari and Maserati models.



To appreciate both the relevance and importance of UNIAIR we have to take a quick look first at a wider picture. The European motor industry in general sees the 2008 CAFE target of 140gm/100km CO2 as being a turning point in engine application. It will lead to large displacement engines continuing to be primarily diesels, while smaller engines, under around 1600cc, will be highly efficient petrol units. In the middle, will be the1800-2200cc petrol and diesel engines, fighting against each other to dominate what is the biggest market segment, a battle that will be decided on the efficiency and economy of the engines on offer.



Engine technology will, therefore, focus into addressing the NOx and Particulate Matter emission problems that surround diesel engines while the effort in the petrol field will be concentrated on fuel consumption/CO2 reduction.



The main issue surrounding the petrol engine concerns the elimination, or at least tackling, of the pumping losses at low loads. The technologies under discussion for this aim are: charge dilution by the stoichiometric approach, charge dilution with air, known as the lean stratified approach, physical downsizing or throttleless load control through variable valve actuation.



It is the latter that Fiat's research staff saw as the optimum solution, with fringe benefits that can only add ever increasing value to the process, and this is the route that they have pursued.



Probably the major feature of this new technology, known to Fiat as UNIAIR, is the independent control of individual intake valves of the engine which allows modulation of the in-cylinder flow field and turbulence levels. Fiat say, "This feature enables the enhancement of the combustion rate when necessary, typically when Early Intake Valve Closing angles are used for load control or in the presence of heavy EGR, and allows the throttless load control benefits to prevail upon combustion efficiency deterioration.



"The demonstrated fuel consumption gain is between 8 and 10%, depending on application; the engine performance is improved in terms of low end torque and/or maximum power with simultaneous improvement of the vehicle transient behaviour. Significant cold phase emissions reduction has been shown thanks to the combustion rate control capability of the system, with possible impact in terms of exhaust system cost reduction.



The UNIAIR system that CRF has developed was targeted to provide simplicity, low-power requirements, a built-in fail-safe nature and cost-effectiveness. Unlike the other systems mentioned above, flexibility of the UNIAIR concept raises the exciting possibility of also adapting the system for use on diesel applications.



UNIAIR is applied on the intake valves only, mainly due to the high cost of applying it to the exhaust valves. CRF's engineer's describe the system, "The tappet piston and the engine intake valve are connected through an oil chamber, which is controlled by a normally open, on-off solenoid valve. When the solenoid valve is closed (activated) the intake valve essentially follows the cam motion (full lift). Early intake valve closing (EIVC) is obtained by opening (deactivating) the solenoid valve at a certain cam angle. Oil flows out of the high pressure oil chamber into the low pressure channel.



"The motion of the valve is de-coupled from that of the tappet and, forced by the valve spring, the valve closes earlier than in the full lift mode. Soft landing of the intake valve is achieved through a hydraulic dampening unit (hydraulic brake). During the following re-filling of the high pressure oil chamber, oil flows back through the open solenoid valve also thanks to the presence of a spring-loaded accumulator. Similarly, late intake valve opening (LIVO) can be achieved by retarding the solenoid valve activation.



UNIAIR is hugely flexible, allowing engine patterns to be optimised instantly. It is a very robust application that has also been designed to reduce impact on present cylinder head design as much as possible, work with the current engine oils and have a maintenance free life cycle.



The actuator performance has been improved during the decade of development in order to achieve a number targets relating to functionality and durability, mainly extension of system operating range to very high engine speeds and very low temperatures, soft engine valve landing in any engine operating condition, low energy consumption, precise air control at any load/rpm condition, durability of the actuator/solenoid valves for conventional engine life.



UNIAIRIt has functioned reliably at engine speeds in excess of 8,000rpm and in temperature ranges from -30 to 150 degrees.



In a current engine, one which uses conventional throttle body technology, the ECU controls all activities simultaneously through the fuel injection processes, air induction control and ignition spark timing.



For the first production application of the UNIAIR system CRF have seeked to adopt a very flexible approach. According to CRF's engineers, "The UNIAIR Engine Control system consists, for the time being, of two separate units dealing with "Air Control" and "Engine Control". The Air Control unit electronically manages the electro-hydraulic actuation of the engine valves in order to control Air Quantity and Air Quality."



UNIAIR therefore, discards the complicated set-up in use on engines today, features that include the use of throttle cables, inlet valves and switchable tappets, for a much more sophisticated, simpler and cost-effective arrangement.



The ECU still plays its key role, managing all factors relating to engine combustion, while communicating electronically with the UNIAIR's Control Unit. This system has the potential to further integrate, creating an ever more efficient arrangement, that Fiat's engineers call the 'UNIAIR Engine Control System'. This single Control Unit would, it is estimated, bring costs down by 15-20%.



When the accelerator pedal is depressed, the ECU translates this action into an air mass request which is then sent to the Air Control unit, which in turn actuates the valves accordingly, after having taken into account ambient and oil conditions, as well as the engine state and driveability requests.



Fiat further comment that, "The independent actuation of the two intake valves opens the way to perform a punctual control of the combustion characteristics by means of charge motion control. In full load operation and maximum power the more effective strategy is to operate the valves in "full lift" mode, while reducing the engine speed the intake valve closure has to be advanced in order to improve volumetric efficiency. At part load operation various valve management strategies can be adopted for optimal combustion control and best overall efficiency."



After demonstrating that they are setting the pace with diesel technology, most recently by the development of the now widely adopted common-rail application, Fiat's engineers have showed themselves to be at the front in petrol field.



Is this the revolutionary step forward that it appears to us? We asked cutting-edge UK-based engineering firm, PNM, who have been developing this electronic valve actuation technology for some time.



"The breakthrough that this new form of valve control represents cannot be underestimated," comments PNM's Managing-Director, Pete Musgrove. "The electronic method of delivery allows the engineer search for complete intake optimisation, and take huge strides towards implementing efficiently impending EU regulation."



"It will change the whole way induction is regarded, and once high-volume production is factored in, cost savings, not least through the arrangement's simplicity, will be major, with further future system integration still wide open."


by Edd Ellison & Stefano Maiano"


 

« Son Düzenleme: 20 Ocak 2006, 21:18:55 Gönderen: n/a »
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admin

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Uniair nedir??
« #1 : 03 Ocak 2006, 21:52:25 »
Eminim çok güzel bir yazıdır da, ben napıcam. Hiçbişi anlamadım. Bari 1-2 satır özet bilgi verseydin türkçe.
« Son Düzenleme: 03 Ocak 2006, 21:52:25 Gönderen: a/a »
:alfisti:

Lütfen forumda arama yapmadan yeni konu başlatmayın.

Onur

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Uniair nedir??
« #2 : 03 Ocak 2006, 21:55:05 »

bende okudum ama teknik terimlerden pek anlayamadım :) yukarda yazdıklarım zaten içinden çıkartabildiklerim :) umarım ingilizcesi makina mühendisliğine yeten biri vardır :)


 

« Son Düzenleme: 03 Ocak 2006, 21:55:05 Gönderen: Onur »
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admin

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Uniair nedir??
« #3 : 03 Ocak 2006, 22:08:15 »
ben o zaman bunu bi copy yapıp bizim deli denizhana mail atim. adam hem mak. müh. hemde dediğim gibi deli ancak o çözer heralde.
« Son Düzenleme: 03 Ocak 2006, 22:08:15 Gönderen: a/a »
:alfisti:

Lütfen forumda arama yapmadan yeni konu başlatmayın.

n/a

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Uniair nedir??
« #4 : 20 Ocak 2006, 21:18:55 »
alfa romeo uniair 147
bazı üreticiler için eksantrik milleri bir ihtiyaç olmaktan çıkıyor.fiat uniair mimarisi buna güzel bir örnek.giriş subablarının elektrohidrolik olarak kontrol edildiği uniair sistemi ,bir yandan değişken subab zamanlamasına imkan verirken bir yandanda güç üretiminde oluşan kayıpları en aza indiriyor.sürtünme değerleri daha düşük.subabların değişken zamanlı olması daha düşük yakıt tüketimi ve gaz emisyonuna katkıda bulunurken ,torkun da daha verimli olmasını sağlıyor.
etkileyici değerler.alfa 147 uniair
co2 emisyonu % 40,nox emisyonu % 50daha düşük.yakıt ekonomisi ve alt devirlerdeki tork % 10artmış.dahada iyisi ses ve devirlenme tam bir alfa'dan beklendiği gibi.

kaynak:autocar ocak sayısı
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